Historical resources on Somalia (pre-state collapse)


Abokor, Axmed Cali. The Camel in Somali Oral Traditions. Translated by Axmed Arten Xange.  Sweden: Somali Academy of Sciences and Arts, 1987.


Beachey, Ray. The Warrior Mullah: The Horn Aflame 1892-1920.  London: Bellew Publishing, 1990.

Cassanelli, Lee V. The Shaping of Somali Society.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.

Cerulli, Enrico. Somalia: La Poesia Dei Somali, La Tribu Somala, Lingua Somala in Caratteri Arabi. Ed Altri Saggi  [Somalia: Somali Poetry, The Somalian Tribe, Somali Language in Arabic Characters, And other sages].  Rome: Ministero Degli Affari Esteri, 1964.

Christopher, Lieutenant W. 'Extract from Journal by Lieut W Christopher, Commanding the H C Brig of War 'Tigris', on the E Coast of Africa, Dated 8 May 1843.' Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 14 (1843): 76-103.

Conze, Peter and Thomas Labahn. Somalia: Agriculture in the Winds of Change.  Germany: epi Verlag GmBH, c1986.

Cruttenden, Lieutenant C J. 'Note on the Mijjertheyn Somalees.' Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal XIII, no. 149 (1844): 319-35.

De May, R. Narrative of the Sufferings and Adventures of Henderick Portenger.  London: Sir Richard Phillips and Co, 1819.

Durrill, Wayne K. 'Atrocious Misery: The African Origins of Famine in Northern Somalia, 1839-1884.' American Historical Review 91 no. 2 (1986): 287-307.

Hanley, Gerald. Warriors and Strangers.  London: Hamish Hamilton, 1971.

Healy, D C S. ‘British Perceptions of Treaties with the Somalis: 1884-1897.’ Paper presented at the First International Congress of Somali Studies, Mogadishu, Somalia, 1980.

Hess, Robert L. Italian Colonialism in Somalia.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1966.

Laitin, David D. 'Chapter 3: The Economy,' in Somalia: A Country Study, edited by Helen Chapin Metz. Washington DC: Library of Congress, 1992.

Laitin, David D and Said S. Samatar. Somalia: Nation in Search of a State.  Boulder, USA: Westview Press, 1987.

Lewis, I M. A Modern History of Somalia.  London: Westview Press, 1988.

Lewis, I M. A Pastoral Democracy: A Study of Pastoralism and Politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa.  London: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Menkhaus, Ken. 'Calm between the Storms? Patterns of Political Violence in Somalia, 1950–1980.' 8 (2014): 558.

Mubarak, Jamil Abdalla. From Bad Policy to Chaos in Somalia: How an Economy Fell Apart. Westport, Conn: Praeger, USA, 1996.


Pankhurst, E. Sylvia. Ex-Italian Somaliland.  London: Watts & Co, 1951.

Ricciuti, Edward R. Somalia: A Crisis of Famine and War. Brookfield, Connecticut: The Millbrook Press, 1993.

Sahnoun, M. M. 'Prevention in Conflict Resolution: The Case of Somalia.' Irish Studies in International Affairs 5 (1994): 5-13.

Samatar, Ahmed I. Socialist Somalia: Rhetoric and Reality.  London: Zed Books, 1988.

Tripodi, Paolo. Colonial Legacy in Somalia: Rome and Mogadishu. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.

Walsh, Langton Prendergast. Under the Flag and Somali Coast Stories.  Harvard Library, 1932. (Accessed: 2 May 2017).


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